Now that I have been syncing my ownCloud address book to my mobile devices and my laptop I was missing this address book in mutt. But using pyCardDAV and the instructions at it was easy to integrate the ownCloud address book in mutt. As pyCardDAV was already packaged for Fedora it was not much more work than yum install python-carddav, edit ~/.config/pycard/pycard.conf to get the address book synced.

I was already using a LDAP address book in mutt so that I had to extent the existing configuration to:
set query_command = "~/bin/ '%s'; /usr/bin/pc_query -m '%s'"

Now, whenever I press CTRL+T during address input, first the LDAP server is queried and than my local copy of the ownCloud address book.